The Twelve Principles of Animation

In 1982 Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas, both Disney animators defined the twelve basic principles of animation in the their book “The Illusion of Life: Disney Animation“. This was the cumulation of techniques used by Disney animators over the years going back to the 1930’s. The purpose of the twelve techniques is to produce the illusion of life in an animated character using the laws of physics.

 This book has been a great assest to new and experienced animators and if even referred to today with the use of computer aided animation.